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Traumatic brain injury is a result of a blow made to the head that causes injury to the brain. When an external force causes the brain to be injured, it will cause brain dysfunction which can greatly affect an individual’s way of life. Vehicular accidents fall, or a violent blow to the head made by a blunt object or a bullet penetrating the skull are some of the examples that can cause brain injury.
The complications after a brain injury will depend on the level of physical damage made to the brain. Milder forms of brain injury can only cause temporary or mild dysfunction while severe or more serious brain injury results in bruising, torn tissues, intracranial hemorrhage, and damage to the actual brain which can result to severe, long-term complication and in worse cases, death.

Signs and Symptoms

The signs and symptoms of a brain injury will depend on the severity of the damage made to the brain and will vary from one person to the other. While some symptoms will immediately appear after the accident, some may take days or weeks later to appear. When there is brain injury it will affect a person’s physical and cognitive or mental state. Each category will exhibit signs and symptoms that should be understood and take note of.


Physical signs include:

  • There is a loss of consciousness for a few seconds
  • If there is no unconsciousness, the person may be in a state of confusion or disoriented for most of the time
  • Headache and nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Fatigue and drowsiness
  • There is difficulty in sleeping
  • Too much or excessive sleeping
  • Loss balance due to dizziness
  • Vision problems and tinnitus are common
  • Heightened sensitivity to light or sound

Mental or cognitive signs:

  • Trouble with concentration or memory problems
  • Mood swings
  • Depressed or anxiety attacks


Physical signs:

  • Convulsion or seizure attacks
  • There is repeated vomiting or severe nausea
  • There is clear fluid draining from the eyes of ears
  • Severe and persistent headache
  • Loss of consciousness
  • There may be weakness or numbness in fingers
  • Loss of coordination

The mental state signs:

  • Coma
  • Unusual behavior such as agitation
  • Speech problems
  • Total confusion

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If you think you are suffering from Traumatic Brain Injury you should seek medical assistance. You may also be entitled to Social Security Disability Benefits. The SSA considered Traumatic Brain Injury as a medical condition that would make you eligible for SSDI and SSI. Social Security Administration (SSA) maintains a “Listing of Medical Impairments” (known as the blue book) that automatically qualify you for Social Security Disability Insurance (SSDI) or Supplemental Security Income (SSI).