Tourette’s syndrome is a medical condition that affects the nervous system. The syndrome will cause affected people to have sudden movements and sounds called tics, a movement that the individual can’t control. There are some cases where the person with Tourette’s syndrome can say words that without intending to.
There is a treatment to control tics, but some patients don’t need it unless it bothers them or interferes with their ability to perform daily tasks.
Some individuals have full-blown Tourette’s syndrome, while others have the milder form of the disease. When the disorder starts in childhood, symptoms often get better as children grow up in fact for others, the syndrome will go away completely.
The cause of Tourette’s syndrome can be associated with different parts of the brain including the basal ganglia, which is responsible for the coordinated movement of the muscles in the body. Some experts believe that the cause of the syndrome can be attributed to the disruption of brain electrical impulses. The brain functions in order; it is organized and coordinated when transmitting information to the rest of the body. When there is trouble with this order it can cause Tourette’s syndrome.
Some doctors don’t know exactly what causes these problems in the brain, but genes can play a part. It can also be inherited. Some people who have family members with Tourette’s syndrome it is more likely they can get the condition as well.
The most obvious sign of Tourette’s syndrome are the tics. Depends on the severity of the case, some are so mild that they are hardly noticeable. But others can be often and obvious. Stress, being sick or excitement can often make the tics worse.
The two types of tics in Tourette’s syndrome are:
Motor tics include:
- Excessive blinking
- Jerking of the head or arms
- Making a face without intending to
- Twitching of the muscles particularly the mouth
- Shrugging of shoulders
Vocal tics include:
- Coughing repeatedly
- Repeating what someone else’s says
- Clearing their throat several times in a short period of time
When only one part of the body is affected, it is called simple tic. But if it involves many parts of the body it is called complex tics. These symptoms can be embarrassing causing an individual with Tourette’s syndrome to withdraw socially.
If you think you are suffering from Tourette’s Syndrome you should seek medical assistance. You may also be entitled to Social Security Disability Benefits. The SSA considered Tourette’s Syndrome as a medical condition that would make you eligible for SSDI and SSI. Social Security Administration (SSA) maintains a “Listing of Medical Impairments” (known as the blue book) that automatically qualify you for Social Security Disability Insurance (SSDI) or Supplemental Security Income (SSI).