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Syringomyelia is a medical condition where there is a cyst or a growth in the spinal cord. The cyst is filled with the cerebrospinal fluid, also called syrinx, and builds up over time, causing it to expand and lengthens even more. This growth will compress or squeezed a part of your spinal cord which causes damage. A damaged spinal cord due to the cyst can cause symptoms such as:

  • Chronic pain
  • Stiffness in the back
  • Weakness in the shoulders, arms, and legs.
  • Difficulty in walking
  • Bladder and bowel function problems
  • Pain and numbness in the face
  • Scoliosis or curvature of the spine

People who have this disorder can lose their ability to distinguish hot and cold. However, there are also cases where affected individuals won’t experience any symptoms or feel pain. They may not need any form of treatment. But others who are not so fortunate may experience symptoms and severe complications due to the syrinx expanding.
The treatment usually focuses on the relief of the symptoms by relieving the pressure on the spinal cord. The treatment will depend on the cause of syringomyelia.


Syringomyelia is caused by the malformation of the brain also called Chiari type 1 malformation or CM1. This condition occurs when the brain fails to detach from the spinal cord. The malformation occurs when the brainstem lies lower than normal. Often times the lobes of the cerebellum which is located at the back of the brainstem protrudes from the skull and into the spinal canal.
More often than not, syringomyelia is formed as a complication of the following conditions:

  • Meningitis
  • Hemorrhage
  • A tumor or cancer
  • Arachnoiditis
  • Or head trauma

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If you think you are suffering from Syringomyelia you should seek medical assistance. You may also be entitled to Social Security Disability Benefits. The SSA considered Syringomyelia as a medical condition that would make you eligible for SSDI and SSI. Social Security Administration (SSA) maintains a “Listing of Medical Impairments” (known as the blue book) that automatically qualify you for Social Security Disability Insurance (SSDI) or Supplemental Security Income (SSI).