Arachnoiditis is a condition that affects the arachnoid lining of the spinal cord. The brain and the spinal cord are surrounded by three linings, one of which is the arachnoid. When there is an inflammation of the arachnoid lining, it is called arachnoiditis. Arachnoiditis causes persistent irritation, scarring, and binding of nerve roots and blood vessel.
The prominent symptom of arachnoiditis is a progressive and persistent pain located the lower back or lower limbs. But in severe arachnoiditis cases, the whole body is in pain. Additional symptoms may include:
- There are tingling, numbness, and weakness in both legs.
- The individuals affected with arachnoiditis may have odd sensation such as a feeling of insects crawling on the skin or water trickling down the leg.
- Some individuals report that they have this sharp shooting pain like being electrocuted
- Twitching in the muscles as well as muscle cramps and spasms may also be experienced
- Sexual dysfunction, as well as loss of bladder and bowel control, may be
The cause of arachnoiditis can be attributed to three main causes:
- Surgery-induced trauma. Arachnoiditis has been known to be a complication of a spinal injury or spinal surgery, especially in cases where the surgery is complex or has been done multiple times.
- Infection. Certain viral and fungal meningitis or tuberculosis can cause infections to the arachnoid lining.
- Chemical-induced infection. Myelograms a diagnostic procedure where a dye needs to be injected into an area surrounded by the spinal cord and nerves. The dye is then visible on x-rays, CT scan or
MRI scans, which makes it easier for physicians to diagnose spinal disorders. One theory claims that constant or repeated exposure of the dyes can cause inflammation to the arachnoids.
Treatment for arachnoiditis is focused on the management and relief of the symptoms.
If you think you are suffering from Spinal Arachnoiditis you should seek medical assistance. You may also be entitled to Social Security Disability Benefits. The SSA considered Spinal Arachnoiditis as a medical condition that would make you eligible for SSDI and SSI. Social Security Administration (SSA) maintains a “Listing of Medical Impairments” (known as the blue book) that automatically qualify you for Social Security Disability Insurance (SSDI) or Supplemental Security Income (SSI).