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We use our senses to help us understand what is going on around us and help us to avoid danger.
There are several types of sense and speech disorders:

  • Blindness
  • Loss of visual field
  • Loss of visual efficiency
  • Balance disorders
  • Loss of speech

Eyes: Sense of Sight

Our sense of sight, help us find the differences between objects; its size, shape, and color. It helps us recognize friends and family and recognize the different things we see. We can recognize people and things by looking, counting and more. When there is vision loss or blindness, it can greatly affect the ability of a person to function. However, if the correction has been attempted but still there are no changes then it is considered blindness.

Ears: Sense of Hearing

Our sense of hearing helps us in distinguishing different sounds and its volume and pitch. We can differentiate sounds from being pleasant to unpleasant noise. It also helps us to properly respond when someone is talking or calling us. We can also hear if someone needs our help and be able to respond appropriately. We can hear emergency, police sirens and fire alarm. We can also recognize the nearness or distance of an object.

Loss of Speech

The loss of speech can be caused by medical and psychological conditions. Absent of speech can occur as a sign of catatonia, a state in which the individual is awake but unresponsive. Typically this is caused by psychosis. Aphasia or loss of language or the ability to communicate can be caused by brain damage while mutism is the inability to speak.
There are many disorders that can affect the sense of sight and speech disorders of the body and it can affect an individual’s way of life significantly. There are medical conditions that can lead to complications that affect one or more of the senses.

To learn more about the different Special Senses and Speech, please visit:

If you think you are suffering from Special Senses and Speech Disorders you should seek medical assistance. You may also be entitled to Social Security Disability Benefits. The SSA considered Special Senses and Speech Disorders as a medical condition that would make you eligible for SSDI and SSI. Social Security Administration (SSA) maintains a “Listing of Medical Impairments” (known as the blue book) that automatically qualify you for Social Security Disability Insurance (SSDI) or Supplemental Security Income (SSI).