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SOFT TISSUE INJURY

Soft tissue injury is injuries made into the muscles, tendons, and ligaments. This can be often caused by strenuous activities such as exercise or sports, however soft tissue injuries can still happen when doing simple day-to-day activities.

There are two categories of soft tissue injury, these are:

  • Acute injuries which are caused by sudden trauma, such as are sudden trauma, a fall or a twist of the limbs. Examples are strains, contusions or sprains.
  • Overuse injury means the injury has been repeated with little time in between to allow healing. Such examples are tendinitis and bursitis.

As mentioned above the following are some of the common forms of acute soft tissue injury.

Sprains

A sprain occurs when there is a tear or overstretching of ligaments in the body. A ligament connects the end of one bone to the other end of another bone. Ligaments are made up of a strong band of connective tissue. It functions as a support and stabilizes the body’s joints. There are areas of the body that is a common site for sprains. These are the ankles, knees, and wrists.

The severity of a sprain is classified into 3 parts:

  • Mild or Grade 1 sprain – light or mild stretching and damage to the ligament.
  • Moderate or Grade 2 sprain – There is a tearing of the ligament but only partial and there will be abnormal looseness when the joint is moved in a certain direction.
  • Severe or Grade 3 sprain – there is complete tearing of the ligament and it causes the joint to be totally nonfunctional.

Strains

A strain is an injury made to the muscles or tendons. Muscles are connected to the bone by fibrous cords called tendons. The most common site of strain is the leg or back.

Contusion

A contusion occurs when their injury is caused to the underlying muscle fibers and tissues without a wound or skin breakage. Bruising is the most common sign of a contusion. This is the end result if an individual falls or trip against a hard surface.

The treatment of acute soft tissue injury includes:

  • R- Rest. Resting after a soft tissue injury can help in curing the affected site.
  • I-Ice or cold packs applied to the site of the injury. This is to prevent further swelling.
  • C-Compression to the site using elastic bandage can help in reducing the swelling.
  • E-Elevation. By elevating the injury higher than the rest of the body, it will prevent swelling.

For more information about Soft Tissue Injury, please visit:
http://orthoinfo.aaos.org
http://physioworks.com.au
http://emedicine.medscape.com

If you think you are suffering from Soft Tissue Injury you should seek medical assistance. You may also be entitled to Social Security Disability Benefits. The SSA considered Soft Tissue Injury as a medical condition that would make you eligible for SSDI and SSI. Social Security Administration (SSA) maintains a “Listing of Medical Impairments” (known as the blue book) that automatically qualify you for Social Security Disability Insurance (SSDI) or Supplemental Security Income (SSI).