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Pituitary Gland Disorders

The pituitary gland is an endocrine gland that is about the size of a pea and weighs about 0.5 grams in humans. It is located at the base of the brain and is a protrusion of the bottom of the hypothalamus. Also called the hypophysis, the pituitary gland produces several hormones necessary for the development of the human body. The hormones produced help in controlling growth, blood pressure, functions of the sex organs, thyroid glands, and metabolism. It also aids in some aspect when a female is pregnant, during childbirth, nursing, and the concentration of water/salt in the kidneys, regulation of temperature and pain relief.

When certain disorders affect the pituitary gland, the production of hormones is affected. The symptoms will depend on the affected hormones. One of the most common causes of pituitary gland damage is the pituitary tumor.

Pituitary Tumor

The growth is commonly found in adults. They are not considered as brain tumors and in fact, almost all found tumors are benign. The cancerous form is very rare though.

A tumor can affect the production of hormones. The secretory tumors will cause the pituitary gland to produce too much of a hormone, while the non-secretory tumors do not. Both types of tumors can cause a problem because they will interfere with the normal function of the pituitary glands.

The problems caused by the pituitary tumors are grouped into three categories. These are:

  • Hypersecretion – When there is too much production of any hormones in the body which is caused by a secretory pituitary tumor.
  • Hyposecretion – This occurs when there is too little hormone being produced by the pituitary gland. Sometimes hyposecretion can be a result of surgery or radiation therapy of a tumor.
  • Tumor mass effects – This occurs went he tumor is left alone. Eventually, it will increase in size causing pressure on its surrounding organs or tissues. This will cause a headache, vision problems, and other health conditions.

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If you think you are suffering from Pituitary Gland Disorders you should seek medical assistance. You may also be entitled to Social Security Disability Benefits. The SSA considered Pituitary Gland Disorders as a medical condition that would make you eligible for SSDI and SSI. Social Security Administration (SSA) maintains a “Listing of Medical Impairments” (known as the blue book) that automatically qualify you for Social Security Disability Insurance (SSDI) or Supplemental Security Income (SSI).