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Neuralgia is a medical condition that affects the nerves in the body. The nerve has become irritated or damaged causing severe pain which can greatly affect an individual’s quality of life. Neuralgia is caused by several things, which includes:

  • Old age
  • Diabetes and multiple sclerosis can increase the risk of neuralgia
  • Shingles, which is an infection, can also heighten the risk.

Types of Neuralgia

There are several types of neuralgia. These are:

Postherpetic neuralgia

This form occurs as a complication from an infection of shingles. This type can attack any nerve in the body. Shingle is a viral infection that will produce painful blisters and rash. The nerves, where shingles have attacked are the nerves affected by this type of neuralgia. The pain will vary in severity. It can be mild, moderate or severe. It may be persistent or have recurrent intervals. Postherpetic neuralgia can last for a long time, can be months or for years. In some individuals, the pain may occur before the rash. Since it will always happen along the nerve path, it is usually isolated to one side of the body.

Trigeminal neuralgia

The trigeminal nerve is located in the head. This nerve travel from the brain and branches to different parts of the face. The pain is often caused by a pressure from a blood vessel to the nerve where it meets with the brainstem. However, there are other causes that can attribute to the disorder, such as multiple sclerosis, diabetes or an injury to the nerve. The pain in trigeminal neuralgia is usually located on one side of the face. The pain can be severe and recurrent and is common among people who are over 50 years of age.

Glossopharyngeal neuralgia

This type produces pain in the neck and throat. It is also considered very rare among the rest of neuralgia.
Since neuralgia is caused by several factors, the treatment is often times treating the underlying cause first. If the cause is not found, the treatment will focus on pain management.

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If you think you are suffering from Neuralgia you should seek medical assistance. You may also be entitled to Social Security Disability Benefits. The SSA considered Neuralgia as a medical condition that would make you eligible for SSDI and SSI. Social Security Administration (SSA) maintains a “Listing of Medical Impairments” (known as the blue book) that automatically qualify you for Social Security Disability Insurance (SSDI) or Supplemental Security Income (SSI).