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Mitral valve prolapse is a heart condition where it involves the mitral valve not closing evenly and instead bulges upward or prolapsed into the left atrium. Though not dangerous, there are times that treatment is required. Mostly this condition is inherited but symptoms can vary from one person to another. Mitral valve prolapsed will only become dangerous when complications occur.

The complications brought by mitral valve prolapsed or MVP is very rare, but if they do happen it is because of the backflow of the blood through the mitral valve. MVP is highest among men and people who have hypertension and people who have severe backflow may need surgery to prevent complications.

The complications include but not limited to palpitations, shortness of breath, migraine, cough, fatigue and chest discomfort among others. Why it will cause shortness of breath is because of the blood flowing back from the left ventricle back to the left atrium and sometimes can back up to the lungs which will cause breathing problems.

In addition, blood backflow can strain the muscles of your heart specifically the atrium and the ventricle. If left untreated, the strain can lead to arrhythmias. Infective endocarditis or IE is a kind of heart infection that is caused by the backflow of blood.
Abnormally stretchy valve leaflets and other health problems such as connective tissue disease are the common cause of MVP. However, in most cases MVP is harmless.

Some individuals who have MVP don’t know they have this heart condition until the routine physical exam is done. If a murmur is detected during the physical exam, an echocardiogram is recommended. Other tests may be suggested such as MRI or magnetic resonance imaging or angiogram. A further test may be requested by your doctor to determine the symptoms and complications of mitral valve prolapse.


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If you think you are suffering from Mitral Valve Prolapse you should seek medical assistance. You may also be entitled to Social Security Disability Benefits. The SSA considered Mitral Valve Prolapse as a medical condition that would make you eligible for SSDI and SSI. Social Security Administration (SSA) maintains a “Listing of Medical Impairments” (known as the blue book) that automatically qualify you for Social Security Disability Insurance (SSDI) or Supplemental Security Income (SSI).