Meniere’s disease is a condition that affects the inner ear which leads to episodes of vertigo or the feeling of spinning. Because of these attacks the affected individual may eventually develop hearing problems or loss and a ringing sound in the ear. It is important to note that in Meniere’s disease only one ear is usually affected.
Since it is a chronic disease it can be a lifetime condition. However, treatments and lifestyle changes can help manage the symptoms of the condition. Some people will go into remission within a few years after their diagnosis.
Signs and Symptoms
The following are some of the symptoms of Meniere’s disease. However, some individuals with the condition don’t experience symptoms between attacks.
- Vertigo or the feeling of spinning which can be nauseating. This condition can last from a few minutes to 24 hours.
- Hearing loss in the affected ear
- Tinnitus or ringing in the ears, but with Meniere’s disease tinnitus is only experienced in the affected ear.
- Feeling of fullness in the affected ear or the side of the head where the affected ear is located.
- Equilibrium or balance is lost
- A headache is common
- If severe vertigo is experienced, there will be nausea, vomiting, and sweating
However, the symptoms above can be a sign of another ear problem. But with Meniere’s disease you will need to have a two or more of the following symptoms at one time:
- Hearing loss
- Plugged or feeling of fullness in the affected ear
Cause of Meniere’s disease
There is no known cause of Meniere’s disease. However, one theory can be attributed to the abnormal amount of fluid in the inner ear. Endolymph in the inner ear’s function is responsible for balance and hearing. However, any abnormalities that could affect the fluid might contribute to Meniere’s disease.
- When there is improper fluid drainage due to a blockage or an abnormality
- Autoimmune disorders
- Reaction to allergies
- Infections cause by a virus
- Head trauma
It is also believed since the cause can’t be specifically identified; it is possible that Meniere’s disease can result from a combination of factors, including injuries.
If you think you are suffering from Meniere’s Disease you should seek medical assistance. You may also be entitled to Social Security Disability Benefits. The SSA considered Meniere’s Disease as a medical condition that would make you eligible for SSDI and SSI. Social Security Administration (SSA) maintains a “Listing of Medical Impairments” (known as the blue book) that automatically qualify you for Social Security Disability Insurance (SSDI) or Supplemental Security Income (SSI).