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Inflammatory Bowel Disease

The term inflammatory bowel disease is a group of inflammatory conditions that affect the small and large intestine. The types of inflammatory bowel disease include:

Ulcerative colitis

The condition affects the colon and the rectum. Ulcers form in the innermost lining of the large intestine (colon) and rectum. The inflammation and the sores are usually long-lasting.

Crohn’s disease

This type of IBV affects the lining of the digestive tract. Inflammation may even affect deep into the tissues.
Both types of IBD may show the same symptoms such as severe diarrhea, abdominal pain, and fatigue and weight loss.
IBD can be debilitating and sometimes leads to life-threatening complications.


Depending on the severity of the inflammation and where it occurs, the symptoms of inflammatory bowel disease can vary. It may also range from mild to severe. Individuals diagnosed with IBD may have periods of active illness followed by periods of remission.

Crohn’s disease, as well as ulcerative colitis, have common signs and symptoms and these are:

  • Diarrhea
  • Fever and fatigue
  • Pain and cramping in the abdominal area
  • Blood stool
  • Appetite is being reduced
  • Weight loss that is unexpected


The causes of the inflammation in the bowels are unknown. But previously it was thought to be diet and stress, but recent studies suggest that there are factors that can increase or aggravate but don’t cause IBD.

Immune system malfunction is another possible cause that can contribute to the development of IBD. Heredity is also another causative factor wherein a person’s chance of getting the disease is increased if a family member has been affected by the said disease or is within the family history.

Risk Factors

There are conditions and factors that can aggravate the inflammation of the digestive systems. These are:

  • Age
  • Race
  • Genetics
  • Cigarette smoking
  • The use of NSAIDs

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If you think you are suffering from Inflammatory Bowel Disease you should seek medical assistance. You may also be entitled to Social Security Disability Benefits. The SSA considered Inflammatory Bowel Disease as a medical condition that would make you eligible for SSDI and SSI. Social Security Administration (SSA) maintains a “Listing of Medical Impairments” (known as the blue book) that automatically qualify you for Social Security Disability Insurance (SSDI) or Supplemental Security Income (SSI).