Hyperparathyroidism is a condition where there is above normal parathyroid hormone in the bloodstream. This is caused by the overproduction of one or more of the four parathyroid glands. These glands are located in the neck and are about the size of a grain of rice.
The parathyroid hormone, which is produced by the parathyroid glands, regulates the presence of calcium in the bloodstream and in tissues that depend on calcium for proper functioning.
There are two types of hyperparathyroidism: the primary hyperparathyroidism and the secondary hyperparathyroidism.
The primary occurs when there is an enlargement of one or more of the parathyroid glands causing overproduction of the hormone, leading to hypercalcemia or increased levels of calcium in the blood. Hypercalcemia can lead to several serious problems. The most common treatment for primary hyperparathyroidism is surgery.
Secondary hyperparathyroidism occurs because of another disease. The disease basically caused low levels of calcium to happen in the body and over time, can increase the parathyroid hormone levels occur.
It is possible that hyperparathyroidism is first noticed before any signs and symptoms occur. But if symptoms do happen, it is usually caused by damage or failure in other organs due to high calcium level found circulating in the blood.
The symptoms are nonspecific and in fact so mild. In fact, they don’t seem to point to hyperparathyroidism at all. But the symptoms may include:
- Development of kidney stones
- Fragile bones or osteoporosis
- Fatigue or weakness
- Bone and joint pain
- Nausea, vomiting or loss of appetite
Hyperparathyroidism is often caused by conditions or factors that promote the production of parathyroid hormones.
If you think you are suffering from Hyperparathyroidism you should seek medical assistance. You may also be entitled to Social Security Disability Benefits. The SSA considered Hyperparathyroidism as a medical condition that would make you eligible for SSDI and SSI. Social Security Administration (SSA) maintains a “Listing of Medical Impairments” (known as the blue book) that automatically qualify you for Social Security Disability Insurance (SSDI) or Supplemental Security Income (SSI).