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Hyperglycemia or high blood sugar, as the name suggests, is a medical condition that commonly affects people with diabetes. There are several reasons hyperglycemia can occur in diabetic individuals. The reasons include lifestyle choices, food, and physical activity choices, illness, nondiabetes medications, or not being able to take enough dosage of glucose-lowering medication.

It is imperative that hyperglycemia should be treated immediately. Severe hyperglycemia can lead to serious and often life-threatening complications. An example is a diabetic coma. If it’s a persistent hyperglycemia, although not severe, the effects will affect the eyes, kidneys, nerves, and heart.


The only time hyperglycemia will cause symptoms is when the blood glucose levels are significantly elevated. The symptoms can develop gradually or over a number of days or weeks. The symptoms can become serious as the blood sugar are left to be consistently high. But, you may notice people with Type 2 Diabetes may be hyperglycemic for the longest time around but may not show any symptoms.

Early signs and symptoms of hyperglycemia include:

  • Urinating frequently
  • Increased thirst
  • Blurred vision
  • Fatigue
  • Headache

Later Signs and Symptoms

If left untreated, hyperglycemia can cause toxic acids or ketone buildup in the blood and urine. Symptoms include:

  • The breath smells fruity
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Shortness of breath
  • Dry mouth
  • Weakness
  • Confusion
  • Coma
  • Stomach pain


The human body needs sugar to keep on functioning normally. After eating, the body will break down and digest the food. One of the many molecules the food is divided into, is called glucose. The glucose is immediately absorbed into the bloodstream. It needs the aid of the hormone insulin to enter the cells. In Diabetes, insulin is not produced appropriately causing high glucose levels in the blood. It can become dangerous to a human being if the high glucose levels are not treated immediately.

Additional factors that contribute to hyperglycemia:

  • Not taking oral diabetes medication or enough insulin
  • No dietary changes
  • Being inactive
  • Experiencing illness or infection
  • Being injured or having surgery

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If you think you are suffering from Hyperglycemia you should seek medical assistance. You may also be entitled to Social Security Disability Benefits. The SSA considered Hyperglycemia as a medical condition that would make you eligible for SSDI and SSI. Social Security Administration (SSA) maintains a “Listing of Medical Impairments” (known as the blue book) that automatically qualify you for Social Security Disability Insurance (SSDI) or Supplemental Security Income (SSI).