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Your heart has four chambers, and each one has a heart valve that would maintain one-way blood flow through your heart. The job of your heart valves is to make sure that your blood would flow freely in a forward direction and that no backward leakage or heart valve problems should happen.

How does the heart valve work?

Your blood flows from your right and left atria into your ventricles through the open mitral and tricuspid valves. Once the ventricles are full of blood, the mitral and tricuspid valves shut preventing blood backflow to the ventricles while it’s contracting.

The pulmonic and aortic valves are forced open while the ventricles begin to contract, therefore pumping blood out of the heart to the lungs. After the ventricles finish contracting, the aortic and pulmonic valves snap shut again preventing valves from flowing back into the ventricles. The whole process is a cycle which causes the blood to flow throughout the whole body from the heart and lungs.

There are several types of heart valve problems and these are some of the common signs and symptoms:

  • Difficulty catching your breath or shortness of breath. You will notice this sign when you are engaged in a physical activity. Other times you may need to sleep propped up on a few pillows to be able to breathe.
  • Dizziness or Weakness. You may be too tired to do normal activities of daily living or other times may pass out.
  • The feeling of a heavy weight on your chest. You may also feel a pressure in your chest with activity or when going out in cold air.
  • Palpitations or abnormal increase heart rate. This is characterized by an irregular heartbeat, skipped beats or a flip-flop feeling in your chest.
  • Edema or swelling of your ankles, feet, and abdomen.
  • Rapid weight gain.


Again, not all heart valve problems show the same signs and symptoms. Other times there are no symptoms at all.
To learn more about the different Heart Valve Disorders, visit:

If you think you are suffering from Heart Valve Problems you should seek medical assistance. You may also be entitled to Social Security Disability Benefits. The SSA considered Heart Valve Problems as a medical condition that would make you eligible for SSDI and SSI. Social Security Administration (SSA) maintains a “Listing of Medical Impairments” (known as the blue book) that automatically qualify you for Social Security Disability Insurance (SSDI) or Supplemental Security Income (SSI).