Guillain-Barre syndrome is a medical disorder which affects your immune system. The disorder is characterized by your immune system attacking your very own nerve cells causing weakness and paralysis. Usually tingling will be felt starting from the feet and legs and eventually spreading all over the body which will lead to weakness and ultimately paralysis. Though the cause is not yet known, Guillain – Barre often occurs after an individual suffers from a viral or bacterial infection.
Other signs and symptoms of Guillain-Barre syndrome include:
- trouble walking or climbing stairs
- difficulty with eye or facial movements
- severe pain that can be worse at night
- prickling sensations in the extremities
- low or high blood pressure
- difficulty breathing
- increased heart rate
Guillain – Barre have several types and these are:
AIDP or Acute inflammatory demyelinating polyradiculoneuropathy – this is the most common type of Guillain – Barre syndrome and is characterized by muscle weakness that starts in the lower part of the body and goes upward.
MFS or Miller Fisher syndrome – another type where it affects the ability of an individual to walk properly and paralysis also start in the eyes.
AMAN or acute motor axonal neuropathy
AMSAN or acute motor-sensory axonal neuropathy – These last two types are more common in Asia and Mexico
There is no treatment yet for Guillain – Barre Syndrome but usually, individuals suffering from this disorder will make a complete recovery, especially if proper care and treatment are applied immediately.
- Plasma exchange or plasmapheresis – this is performed to clean the plasma from certain antibodies which aid the immune system to attack the peripheral nerves.
- Immunoglobulin therapy – immunoglobulin containing healthy antibodies can help block the damaging antibodies.
Other medication can be given to manage and relieve some of the symptoms such as a pain reliever for severe pain, and prevent blood clots from forming due to immobility. The recovery period of Guillain – Barre syndrome can last from months to years.
If you think you are suffering from Guillain-Barre Syndrome you should seek medical assistance. You may also be entitled to Social Security Disability Benefits. The SSA considered Guillain-Barre Syndrome as a medical condition that would make you eligible for SSDI and SSI. Social Security Administration (SSA) maintains a “Listing of Medical Impairments” (known as the blue book) that automatically qualify you for Social Security Disability Insurance (SSDI) or Supplemental Security Income (SSI).