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Grave’s disease is a medical condition where there is an overproduction of thyroid hormones or what is commonly called as hyperthyroidism. It is an immune system disorder and Graves’ disease is a common cause. Since thyroid hormones regulate a number of different body systems, the effect and symptoms are wide-ranging. The overall well-being of an individual is greatly affected by the said disorder. Furthermore, hyperthyroidism is more common in women who are before 40.

The treatment focuses on the inhibition of hyperthyroidism and controlling the symptoms of the said medical disorder.

The signs and symptoms of Graves’ disease include but not limited to the following:

  • Weight loss
  • Anxiety
  • Irritability
  • Goiter or enlargement of the thyroid gland
  • Reduced libido
  • Erectile dysfunction
  • Frequent bowel movements
  • Grave’s ophthalmopathy or bulging eyes
  • Graves’ dermopathy or thick red skin found in the shins or tops of the of the feet
  • Rapid heartbeat or palpitations
  • Heat sensitivity or there is increasing perspiration on warm or moist skin
  • Tremors

Graves’ dermopathy is an uncommon symptom of Graves’ disease. It is characterized by the development of reddening and thickening of the skin and often times found on the shins or the tops of your feet.

Graves’ ophthalmopathy is very common among individuals who have Graves’ disease. The condition affects the muscles and other tissues around the eyes. Bulging eyes, gritty sensation in the eyes, pressure or pain in the eyes, puffy or retracted eyelids, reddened or inflamed eyes, double vision or vision loss are some of the signs and symptoms in Graves ophthalmopathy.

The cause of Graves’ disease is because of the malfunctioning of the immune system. No exact reason is yet noted on why this happens.

The immune system produces antibodies to combat a specific foreign substance, virus or bacterium. For reasons unknown, the immune system would produce an antibody that would affect the one part of the cell in the thyroid gland, which is located in the neck. The normal body process is, the hormone produced by the thyroid gland is regulated by the pituitary gland. In Graves’ disease the antibody associated with Graves’ disease, in which its function is to regulate the pituitary hormone, instead overrides the normal regulation of the thyroid, causing hyperthyroidism.

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If you think you are suffering from Grave’s Disease you should seek medical assistance. You may also be entitled to Social Security Disability Benefits. The SSA considered Grave’s Disease as a medical condition that would make you eligible for SSDI and SSI. Social Security Administration (SSA) maintains a “Listing of Medical Impairments” (known as the blue book) that automatically qualify you for Social Security Disability Insurance (SSDI) or Supplemental Security Income (SSI).