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Fracture of an Upper Extremity

The upper extremities include the hands, wrists, forearm, elbow, upper arm and shoulder while the lower extremities are the hip, thigh, knee, lower leg, ankle, and foot. There are many ways an individual can experience fracture on the upper extremities.

Trauma and fractures can occur due to multiples causes ranging from auto accidents, falls, and sports mishaps to medical conditions that cause bone weakening such as osteoporosis, cancer, and malunions and nonunions and a lot more. Malunions and nonunions mean old fractures that didn’t heal properly.

Signs and Symptoms

The following are some of the most common signs when a fracture occurs in the upper extremities of a person, but it may or may not be the same with every individual so it varies. The signs are:

  • An open or compound fracture where it can be accompanied by a broken skin or visible bone.
  • Misshapen limp or joint.
  • Mild to severe pain.
  • Near the site of the fracture or on the affected area swelling, bruising, tenderness or numbness is common
  • There is restricted movement


Depending on the severity of the case, there are several ways a fracture can be diagnosed. X-ray is the most common form. But in severe cases, CT or computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging or MRI might be included.


There are two ways a fracture can be treated and these are through surgery which is necessary to treat complicated, severe or resistant to healing breaks of fractures. Surgical treatments include fixating the broken parts of the bone using metal pins, screws or plates.

Non-surgical treatment will include immobilizing devices such as casts, splints, braces, and traction as well as physical rehabilitation.

To know more about Fractures of the Upper Extremities and its complications, you can visit this link:

If you think you are suffering from Fracture of an Upper Extremity you should seek medical assistance. You may also be entitled to Social Security Disability Benefits. The SSA considered Fracture of an Upper Extremity as a medical condition that would make you eligible for SSDI and SSI. Social Security Administration (SSA) maintains a “Listing of Medical Impairments” (known as the blue book) that automatically qualify you for Social Security Disability Insurance (SSDI) or Supplemental Security Income (SSI).