Fibromuscular dysplasia is a rare condition that causes narrowing and sometimes enlargement of the medium-sized arteries in the body. The changes in the arteries will cause damage to the organs due to the reduced blood flow.
The most affected arteries are the ones leading to the kidneys. However, fibromuscular dysplasia can also affect the arteries leading to your heart, brain, abdomen arms and legs. The complications due to Fibromuscular dysplasia can be a lot if left untreated it will lead to hypertension, arterial dissection or tears on the artery. Arterial dissection can cause low blood flow to the organ due to the injured artery.
Not all people affected with fibromuscular dysplasia will show any symptoms. This is due to the arteries that are affected by the disorder, so some people will show symptoms while others don’t.
The following are some symptoms common to fibromuscular dysplasia:
If your fibromuscular attacks your:
- It affects your blood pressure
- There will be renal atrophy or kidney tissue damage
- Though rarely happens, chronic kidney failure
- Problems with vision
- Pain in the neck
- Weakness or numbness in the face
- Weight loss without trying too
- Pain after eating
Extremities: arms and legs
- When moving your arms, legs, hands or feet there will be discomfort
- Limbs are cold
- Weakness of the limbs
- There will be changes in skin color or appearance
- Pain in the chest or chest pain
- On rare cases, a heart attack
- Difficulty in breathing
- Excessive sweating and nausea
Some affected individuals with fibromuscular dysplasia may have more than one narrowed artery.
There is no specific cause for the development of fibromuscular dysplasia, however, there are several factors that can contribute to the development of the condition.
Genes – Genes play an important role in the development of fibromuscular dysplasia.
Hormones – Women are more susceptible to get the disorder. Though fibromuscular dysplasia is not linked to any hormonal disorders, it is believed that hormones could increase the risk of developing one.
Arteries – that are formed abnormally can also cause the disorder.
If you think you are suffering from Fibromuscular Dysplasia you should seek medical assistance. You may also be entitled to Social Security Disability Benefits. The SSA considered Fibromuscular Dysplasia as a medical condition that would make you eligible for SSDI and SSI. Social Security Administration (SSA) maintains a “Listing of Medical Impairments” (known as the blue book) that automatically qualify you for Social Security Disability Insurance (SSDI) or Supplemental Security Income (SSI).