Dystonia is a condition that is characterized by uncontrollable movement in an individual’s muscles. The movement is actually contractions that will cause involuntary twisting of muscles which will result in abnormal postures or repetitive movements. Dystonia can affect one or several muscles from the different muscle groups or the whole body. Women are the most susceptible to developing dystonia.
The signs and symptoms of dystonia can vary from one person to the other and can be mild or severe. It can affect different parts of the body and the symptoms can progress as the disease does. Examples of early symptoms include:
- Dragging a leg
- Cramping often in the foot
- The neck is sometimes involuntarily pulled
- The blinking of the eyes can be uncontrollable
- There is difficulty in speech
When a person affected with dystonia is subjected to stress or fatigue, the symptoms may worsen. Because there is constant muscle contraction affected individuals often complain of pain and tiredness. If dystonia affects children, the symptoms generally appear first in the foot or hand. However, symptoms will often progress to the rest of the body quickly. However, after adolescence, the progression of the disease tends to slow down.
If dystonia appears in early adulthood, the symptoms and effect of dystonia can start in the upper body. Then there will be a slow progression of the symptoms. Another thing to remember when dystonia starts in early adulthood is that it can remain focal where dystonia can only affect only one part of the body or segmental where two or more adjacent body part is affected.
Dystonia is the result if there is damaged done to the basal ganglia. The basal ganglia are responsible for voluntary motor control. Other functions include procedural learning, eye movement, cognitive and emotional functions.
If you think you are suffering from Dystonia you should seek medical assistance. You may also be entitled to Social Security Disability Benefits. The SSA considered Dystonia as a medical condition that would make you eligible for SSDI and SSI. Social Security Administration (SSA) maintains a “Listing of Medical Impairments” (known as the blue book) that automatically qualify you for Social Security Disability Insurance (SSDI) or Supplemental Security Income (SSI).