As the name suggests, colon cancer refers to the cancer of the large intestine, which also happens to be the final part of your digestive tract. Almost all cases of colon cancer begin as small and benign growth of cells. These cells are called adenomatous polyps. Over time the polyps can become colon cancers.
At the polyps’ stage, few or no signs or symptoms are exhibited. That is why many medical professionals suggest that people should undergo regular screening tests to help prevent colon cancer by identifying polyps and removing them before it becomes cancerous.
Signs and Symptoms
The following are some of the signs and symptoms in an individual with colitis.
- Changes in an individual’s regular bowel habits that include diarrhea or constipation or a change in the consistency of the stool.
- Bloody stool or there is rectal bleeding
- Cramps, gas or pain in the abdomen, which causes discomfort as well.
- Weight loss
Remember people with colon cancer may not experience any symptoms in the early stage of the disease. Furthermore, when symptoms appear, they may also vary depending on cancer’s size and location in the large intestine.
There is no definite cause of colon cancer. Cancer occurs when the healthy cells, develops error in their genetic constructions. However, several risk factors have been observed that places a person at risk of developing colon cancer. These are:
- Old age. It’s been observed that majority of the people diagnosed with colon cancer are over 50. But colon cancer also affects younger people only that it’s much less frequent.
- African-American Race. African-American are more prone to colon cancer.
- History of colon cancer. If you were already diagnosed to have polyps in your colon, chances are high you will develop colon cancer.
- Medical conditions that include inflammations in the intestine. Your chances of getting colon cancer are high if you had histories of ulcerative colitis or Crohn’s disease.
If you think you are suffering from Colon Cancer you should seek medical assistance. You may also be entitled to Social Security Disability Benefits. The SSA considered Colon Cancer as a medical condition that would make you eligible for SSDI and SSI. Social Security Administration (SSA) maintains a “Listing of Medical Impairments” (known as the blue book) that automatically qualify you for Social Security Disability Insurance (SSDI) or Supplemental Security Income (SSI).