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Colitis is the term used when the colon is inflamed. The colon, also known as the large intestine, can be inflamed because of several causes. Once you have colitis, you will feel discomfort and pain that can be mild and reoccurring over a long period of time or can be severe and can appear suddenly.

Colitis has many types and each treatment will vary on the type of colitis an individual has. The types of colitis are grouped according to what causes the inflammation in the first place.

Ulcerative Colitis

This type of colitis is the most common form. The inflammation and the bleeding ulcers usually start within the inner lining of the large intestine. It begins in the rectum and spreads to the colon. Ulcerative colitis occurs when the immune system overreacts to bacteria or other substances found in a digestive tract.

Pseudomembranous Colitis

This form of colitis occurs when there is an overgrowth of the bacterium Clostridium difficile. Although this bacteria lives normally in every individual’s intestines it will not cause any problem because it’s balanced with the presence of the good bacteria. But when certain medications are taken, such as antibiotics, the healthy bacteria will be destroyed. This will allow the Clostridium difficile to take over.

Ischemic Colitis

This condition occurs when blood flow is cut off or restricted in the colon. This will happen if blood clots blocked the veins, or if there is a buildup of fatty deposits in blood vessels.

Additional Causes

These are other medical conditions and that will lead to colitis. Examples are an infection from parasites, viruses and food poisoning from bacteria.


You will experience one or more of the listed symptoms below depending on your condition.

  • Pain or cramping in the abdomen
  • Abdominal bloating
  • Weight loss
  • Diarrhea
  • Bloody stool
  • The urge to defecate
  • Fever
  • Vomiting

To know more about Colitis and its complications, you can click on the following sites for information:

If you think you are suffering from Colitis you should seek medical assistance. You may also be entitled to Social Security Disability Benefits. The SSA considered Colitis as a medical condition that would make you eligible for SSDI and SSI. Social Security Administration (SSA) maintains a “Listing of Medical Impairments” (known as the blue book) that automatically qualify you for Social Security Disability Insurance (SSDI) or Supplemental Security Income (SSI).