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Chronic venous insufficiency is a medical disorder that affects the veins which will cause blood to pool in the legs. The normal blood circulation throughout the body involves all structures to be working normally. The arteries carry oxygenated blood to be distributed to the rest of the body and the veins will carry the blood back to the heart from the rest of the body. To prevent the blood from doing a backflow the veins are guarded by valves. When these valves are weakened or damaged, the veins will fill with blood, especially when you are standing.


Chronic venous insufficiency is a progressive condition. It is caused by many factors, including weak valves or as a result of a past blood clot in the legs.
There are several factors that will contribute to the development of venous insufficiency, which includes:

  • Age. As you age, veins and artery will lose its elasticity and may grow weak
  • It is hereditary. If it runs in the family the chance of developing the disease is high
  • There is a history of deep vein thrombosis
  • Obesity
  • Pregnancy
  • Sitting or standing for long periods of time
  • Tall height

There are many complications that can lead to chronic venous insufficiency if left untreated. It includes skin ulceration and other life-threatening infections of the lower extremities. However before the disease can progress several symptoms will appear, and that includes:

  • Pain after walking or standing
  • Dull ache or heaviness in legs
  • Cramping is common in the legs
  • Itching and tingling in the area
  • When legs are raised, the pain would usually be relieved
  • Skin changes in the legs including swelling, since there is itching in the legs when scratching the legs of the skin will crack causing a whole new infection
  • Stasis dermatitis or red and swollen skin in the legs
  • Varicose veins on the surface of the skin
  • Lipodermatosclerosis or the thickening and hardening of the skin on the legs
  • Leg wounds that are slow to heal


Treatment of chronic venous insufficiency is to manage the symptoms and usually, you will be advised to follow a series of self-care steps to manage the condition.

  • You will be advised to avoid standing or walking for long periods of time
  • If there are leg wounds or sores, apply proper care to prevent infections
  • Lose weight if you are overweight
  • Regular exercise
  • You may be encouraged to wear compression stockings – this is to promote blood flow in the legs.

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If you think you are suffering from Chronic Venous Insufficiency you should seek medical assistance. You may also be entitled to Social Security Disability Benefits. The SSA considered Chronic Venous Insufficiency as a medical condition that would make you eligible for SSDI and SSI. Social Security Administration (SSA) maintains a “Listing of Medical Impairments” (known as the blue book) that automatically qualify you for Social Security Disability Insurance (SSDI) or Supplemental Security Income (SSI).