Thrombocytopenia is a medical condition where there is low platelet count in your blood. Thrombocytes or platelets are important because they help in your blood’s clotting mechanism. When an individual’s platelet count is low, the risk is high for bleeding.
Some individuals with mild form of thrombocytopenia are not bothered by the condition. But those people who have severe cases are the ones at risk for hemorrhage over simple injuries such as minor cuts and wounds. Normally a healthy individual has a platelet count of 150,000 to 400,000. If your number is below 150,000 you have thrombocytopenia.
There are many factors that are attributed to causing thrombocytopenia. It can be hereditary or is caused by an infection. The lists below are some of the possible causes or thrombocytopenia.
• As mentioned earlier, infections specifically viral infections such as hepatitis C, Epstein-Barr syndrome, HIV, and chickenpox.
• Sepsis – a bacterial infection in the blood which is always severe and can be life-threatening.
• H.pylori – a bacteria found in the digestive system
Some medications have side effects that cause low platelet count. When this happens usually your doctor would look for other options or he may adjust the dosage. Anyway, the medications are:
• Heparin or Aspirin – these drugs are a blood thinner. It is supposed to prevent blood clots.
• Side effects of certain medications such as drugs for seizures, infections or heart problems
Individuals with thrombocytopenia will show several symptoms which include:
• Rashes or petechiae
• Purpura or excessive bruising
• Prolonged bleeding over cuts
• Bleeding from the gums, nose, eyes and the bladder
• Unusual menstrual bleeding
• Bloody stools or urine
• Splenomegaly or enlarged spleen
• Deep Vein Thrombosis or DVT
If you think you are suffering from Chronic Thrombocytopenia you should seek medical assistance. You may also be entitled to Social Security Disability Benefits. The SSA considered Chronic Thrombocytopenia as a medical condition that would make you eligible for SSDI and SSI. Social Security Administration (SSA) maintains a “Listing of Medical Impairments” (known as the blue book) that automatically qualify you for Social Security Disability Insurance (SSDI) or Supplemental Security Income (SSI).