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CHRONIC RESTRICTIVE VENTILATORY DISEASE

The chronic restrictive ventilatory disease is a progressive disease that involves the lungs. The condition occurs when there is an inability of the lungs to expand to accommodate air. In Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) the condition is characterized by the inability to exhale air or breathe out air. The most common restrictive lung diseases are:

  • Interstitial pulmonary fibrosis
  • Extrapulmonary restrictive lung disease

Though both diseases have different characteristics, they share the same symptoms: shortness of breath when there is exertion.
As the name connotes chronic restrictive ventilatory disease, the condition will prevent the lungs from fully expanding. The common cause of this disorder is when the lungs develop stiffness or hardening. This usually happens if there is stiffness in the chest wall, weak muscles or damaged nerves that would cause lung restrictions.

There are many conditions that will cause chronic restrictive ventilatory disease. These are:

  • Interstitial lung disease
  • Autoimmune disorders such as sarcoidosis
  • Obesity
  • Scoliosis
  • Muscular dystrophy or amyotrophic lateral sclerosis

The disorders that can lead to lung restriction are divided into two groups based on their anatomical structures.
The first is caused by intrinsic diseases. The disease causes inflammation or scarring of the lung tissue. When there is scarring, the tissue will harden that will prevent expansion upon air inhalation. Usually, the disorders are idiopathic by nature. However, certain conditions such as connective-tissue diseases, a lung disease caused by drugs, fibrotic diseases and sarcoidosis can also cause lung restrictive disorders.

The second form is the extrinsic disorders. The respiratory pump includes the chest wall, pleura, and respiratory muscles. All these components need to be working properly for effective ventilation of the lungs. When these components are affected by diseases, it will cause impaired ventilatory function and respiratory failure.

For more information about Chronic Restrictive Ventilatory Disease, please visit:
http://emedicine.medscape.com
http://www.medcentral.org
http://www.webmd.com

If you think you are suffering from Chronic Restrictive Ventilatory Disease you should seek medical assistance. You may also be entitled to Social Security Disability Benefits. The SSA considered Chronic Restrictive Ventilatory Disease as a medical condition that would make you eligible for SSDI and SSI. Social Security Administration (SSA) maintains a “Listing of Medical Impairments” (known as the blue book) that automatically qualify you for Social Security Disability Insurance (SSDI) or Supplemental Security Income (SSI).