A chronic migraine is a condition where it is characterized by on and off headaches that can be mild, moderate and severe. The pain can be felt only one half of the head and it is pulsating by nature. The headaches can also last 2 to 72 hours
The impact of migraines can be debilitation especially if it is severe and last a long time. Individuals with a chronic migraine will miss a lot out of life. They may not be able to concentrate which can affect their ability to work, school or generally any other aspects of a normal life. Studies have shown that affected individuals have reduced efficiency and productivity when it comes to decision making in work and school.
The signs and symptoms of a chronic migraine will vary from one individual to the other. However common symptoms include:
- Nausea and vomiting
- There is heightened sensitivity to sounds
- The sensation of smell is also increased
- There is sensitivity to light
- Vision is also affected
If a migraine you are suffering is chronic, it means you may have the symptoms of a migraine occur every 15 days or more each month.
There are two categories of a migraine and they are divided according to their severity and how long it lasts. For a sporadic migraine, the symptoms and the headache may only last a day or two while the chronic can last up to 15 days or more each month.
Cause of a Migraine
There is no specific cause of a migraine. However, there are risk factors that can contribute to its development. These are:
- It could be attributed to an underlying central nervous disorder that may set off a migraine episode.
- Malformation in the blood vessels in the brain, or the vascular system, may cause migraines.
- It can also be hereditary. The chance of developing one is higher if it runs in the family.
- When there are abnormalities in the brain chemicals and nerve pathways it may cause a migraine.
There are also practices that can trigger a migraine:
Food – certain food such as salty and fermented food can cause headaches. In addition, highly processed food is also known to trigger a migraine.
Fasting – If you are diagnosed to have a migraine do not skip meals since this will trigger an episode.
Drink – Caffeinated and alcoholic drinks are known to cause headaches.
Hormonal changes – When there are hormone shifts especially in women episodes of a migraine will spike. Usually, these shifts can occur before or during menses, during pregnancy or menopause.
If you think you are suffering from a Chronic Migraine you should seek medical assistance. You may also be entitled to Social Security Disability Benefits. The SSA considered a Chronic Migraine as a medical condition that would make you eligible for SSDI and SSI. Social Security Administration (SSA) maintains a “Listing of Medical Impairments” (known as the blue book) that automatically qualify you for Social Security Disability Insurance (SSDI) or Supplemental Security Income (SSI).