Chronic insomnia is a sleep disorder that can prevent an individual from sleeping or staying asleep at night. Individuals who have insomnia may have one or more of the following symptoms:
- Cannot sleep or find it difficult to sleep
- Cannot stay asleep at night or may wake up several times and will have trouble going back to sleep
- Wakes up early in the morning
- Upon waking the individual would still feel tired
Insomnia is divided into two categories: primary insomnia and secondary insomnia.
Primary insomnia – is the type of insomnia where a person is having a sleep disorder and not because as a result of another factor such as disease, mental condition or any other medical disorders.
Secondary insomnia – this type of insomnia is when an individual is having a sleep disorder due to the health condition such as asthma, arthritis, cancer, heartburn and so on, as a side effect for some medications, or dependence towards drugs or substance abuse.
Insomnia is divided into two types based on their severity and how often it happens.
Acute Insomnia – is the short-term type. This type of sleep disorder can last from one night to a few weeks. It can also come and go.
Chronic Insomnia – is the opposite of the acute type and last for a long time. It is called chronic because the individual who has this will have at least three nights a week suffering insomnia for a month or longer.
There are several factors that can cause insomnia:
- Life events such as losing a loved one, losing a job, divorce, moving
- Illness such as cancer, heartburn and so on
- Physical or emotional discomfort
- Environmental factors such as light, noise or extreme changes in temperature (hot or cold) that can affect sleep
- Medications that can interfere with sleep, such as medication for high blood pressure, asthma, allergies and depression
- Chronic stress
- Anxiety or depression
- Pain or discomfort at night
The treatment for insomnia involves medication as well as increasing good sleep habits. For chronic insomnia, treating the underlying condition is the first step to prevent the development of sleep disorder.
If you think you are suffering from Chronic Insomnia you should seek medical assistance. You may also be entitled to Social Security Disability Benefits. The SSA considered Chronic Insomnia as a medical condition that would make you eligible for SSDI and SSI. Social Security Administration (SSA) maintains a “Listing of Medical Impairments” (known as the blue book) that automatically qualify you for Social Security Disability Insurance (SSDI) or Supplemental Security Income (SSI).