Granulocytopenia is a medical condition where there is a low count of granulocytes in the blood. Granulocytes are a type of white blood cells that combat foreign bodies such as bacteria and infection causing diseases. This white blood cell contains small sacs that have powerful enzymes that will digest or ‘eat’ disease-causing microorganism.
Agranulocytosis and granulocytopenia are somewhat the same, however, in granulocytopenia, there is no or complete absence of granulocytes.
There are three different types of white blood cell group. These are:
Neutrophils – This type of white blood cells are responsible for fighting foreign cells which the body considers as a threat.
Basophils – The raring while blood cell in the body. In fact, it is only one percent of the total white blood cell count in the body. This type is responsible for initiating inflammatory responses such as swelling.
Eosinophils – This type of white blood cells increases when there is an allergic reaction.
Since granulocytopenia affects your body’s defense mechanism, individuals with this disorder are prone to infection. Some of the signs and symptoms include:
• Infections that are recurring and chronic such as skin, lungs, throat, eyes, mouth and more
• Low-grade fever
• Skin abscesses
• Ear infections
• Sinus infections
• Pneumonia and bronchitis
There are several causative factors that contribute to the abnormality in the production of granulocytes.
• Medications – drugs that are used to treat inflammations.
• Autoimmune disorders
• Medical disorders such as rheumatoid arthritis and Crohn’s disease
• Medical conditions that would cause your bone marrow to fail in producing new white blood cells to replace old cells such as leukemia or fibrosis.
• Injuries that would cause hemorrhage and shock
• Certain medical procedure that would interfere with the formation of white blood cells
• Genes – It can also be inherited
If you think you are suffering from Chronic Granulocytopenia you should seek medical assistance. You may also be entitled to Social Security Disability Benefits. The SSA considered Chronic Granulocytopenia as a medical condition that would make you eligible for SSDI and SSI. Social Security Administration (SSA) maintains a “Listing of Medical Impairments” (known as the blue book) that automatically qualify you for Social Security Disability Insurance (SSDI) or Supplemental Security Income (SSI).