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Aplastic Anemias with Bone Marrow and Stem Cell Involvement

Aplastic anemia is a rare medical condition that occurs when the body ceases from producing new blood cells. Because it reduces an individual’s blood count, it will result in feeling fatigued and is prone to infections and bleeding.

Considered a serious condition, aplastic anemia can develop and affect men at any age. The condition can occur unexpectedly or may occur slowly and gets worse over time. Treatment includes medications, blood transfusions or a stem cell transplant also commonly known as a bone marrow transplant.


The following are symptoms experienced by an individual with aplastic anemia. These are:

  • Difficulty in breathing especially if there is exertion in the patient’s end
  • Pale skin
  • Increased or irregular heart rate
  • Infections that are frequent and usually prolonged
  • Ecchymosis or easy bruising that is often unexplained
  • Nosebleeding
  • Bleeding gums
  • Bleeding from cuts
  • Skin rash
  • Dizziness or Vertigo
  • Headache
  • Fatigue

Aplastic anemia can be chronic or the acute type. The illness can sometimes be brief or may take long periods of time. Also considered a serious disease, they can be severe and often fatal.


Often caused by a damage to the bone marrow, aplastic anemia occurs when there is a slowing down or shutting down of the production of new blood cells. The bone marrow is located inside the bones. It is red and spongy that produces stem cells. The stem cells will then produce blood cells, which include the red cells, white cells, and platelets. Aplastic means empty.

There are many factors that can affect the development of aplastic anemia. These factors may have temporary effects or can be permanent. These are:

Radiation and Chemotherapy

Although these treatments can destroy cancer cells, they also destroy the healthy cells including the stem cells in the bone marrows. Usually, the disorder is only a temporary side effect because of the treatments.

Toxic Chemical Exposure

Exposure to certain chemicals that are toxic which are commonly found in some pesticides and insecticides. Benzene, a chemical found in gasoline, is also linked to aplastic anemia. This type of aplastic anemia will get better on its own if the exposure is limited or prevented.

Certain medications can also cause aplastic anemia. Examples are certain antibiotics and medicines used to treat rheumatoid arthritis.

Autoimmune disorders.

Viral infections

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If you think you are suffering from Aplastic Anemias you should seek medical assistance. You may also be entitled to Social Security Disability Benefits. The SSA considered Aplastic Anemias as a medical condition that would make you eligible for SSDI and SSI. Social Security Administration (SSA) maintains a “Listing of Medical Impairments” (known as the blue book) that automatically qualify you for Social Security Disability Insurance (SSDI) or Supplemental Security Income (SSI).