Amputation is the surgical removal of a limb or extremity such as an arm, leg, foot hand or finger. Amputation of the leg is the most common form of amputation surgery.
There are several reasons why an amputation is performed. One of which is when there is poor or there is the absence of blood circulation in an extremity it will cause infection. When tissues and the body’s cells are not able to get oxygen and the nutrients they need from the blood, the tissues die and an infection would set it. Disorders like the narrowing of arteries, called peripheral arterial disease can cause impeded blood circulation.
Other causes can include:
- When there is a severe injury that resulted from a vehicular accident or after a serious burn as an example
- Gangrene – when body tissues die
- Infection that won’t get better with antibiotics or another form of treatment
- Neuroma, or the thickening of nerve tissues
When an amputation is decided as a form of treatment, it would usually require a hospital stay of five to 14 days or possibly more, depending on the nature of the amputation and complications. The procedure also varies since it will depend on the limp that needs to be surgically removed. Furthermore, the patient’s overall health is also considered.
To perform an amputation the surgeon would put the patient to sleep using general anesthesia; another option is the use of spinal anesthesia, which would numb the body from the waist down.
The surgeon would leave all the healthy tissues as possible and removed all the damaged ones. He or she may use several methods to determine where to cut and how much tissue to remove. These include checking for a pulse near the area where the surgeon is planning to create the initial incision, followed by comparing the temperature of the affected extremity to a normal limb. Also, the surgeon might need to check for skin sensitivity especially near the area where he or she is planning to cut.
If you think you are suffering from Amputation you should seek medical assistance. You may also be entitled to Social Security Disability Benefits. The SSA considered Amputation as a medical condition that would make you eligible for SSDI and SSI. Social Security Administration (SSA) maintains a “Listing of Medical Impairments” (known as the blue book) that automatically qualify you for Social Security Disability Insurance (SSDI) or Supplemental Security Income (SSI).